In March 1974, a group of villagers digging a well in Shaanxi, China, unearthed fragments of a clay figure underneath a persimmon tree. To their amazement, they’d stumbled across one of the marvels of the world, bringing to light an entire army of life-size terracotta soldiers and horses that had lain underground for more than 2000 years. Archaeologists descended in droves and have never left.

Terracotta Warriors Kneeling Archer. Qin dynasty, 221–207 BCE....

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