Long before Madonna’s lucrative three-word “Like a Virgin” spin-offs, Albert Ketèlbey had his own attention-grabbing version: In a Chinese Temple Garden, In a Monastery Garden and, my favourite of all, In a Persian Market. On a cattle farm which bordered the wide Macleay River in NSW, aged seven or eight, I would be excitedly poised in the living room with several makeshift costumes at the ready to perform this masterpiece while my mother played the piano. A towel around my head for The Beggars in the Market Place, an unfortunate sheet for The Caliph Passes and – my pièce de résistance – a pink nylon “found it at Fossey’s” number, my best shot at The Princess Approaches. We would follow that up with a jaunty duet, the title of which would be banned today.

Rosemary Tuck

Rosemary Tuck. Photograph © Rory Seaman

I had as yet to have my first piano lesson, but this music would conjure up a whole new dimension with vivid images of exciting lands and people. It would speak immediately and directly to me, and in the process provide just about the happiest form of escapism; and all from just one room, with a trusty upright Beale in the corner. Obviously the people who bought Ketèlbey’s music in their thousands felt something similar too. It was fun, tuneful, unpretentious, sentimental, beguiling, charming and accessible.

English composer, conductor and pianist Albert Ketèlbey (1875 – 1959) had written a piano sonata aged 11, performed before an audience including the great Edward Elgar if legend is to be believed, and by the age of 13 had won a scholarship to Trinity College of Music in London. Published pieces appeared while he was still at college, but it was during 1915, amid the turmoil of the First World War, when things really changed for him with the publication of both In a Monastery Garden and Tangled Tunes.

Striking and lavishly illustrated covers were especially created for his music, which began to appear in both piano and orchestral versions,  and such became his popularity that by 1920 Musical Opinion was to announce Ketèlbey as “the One Great Bright Spot at the present time”.

In a Persian Market sheet music

Sheet music for Alfred Ketelby’s In a Persian Market. Image: Wikimedia Commons

Across the land in living rooms and parlours, that tricky time before dinner would be filled at the piano with a good wallow in Sanctuary of the Heart or an intrepid trip through In the Mystic Land of Egypt. Up and down the country bands would grandstand his music and Ketèlbey himself would tour in yearly seaside concerts, on occasion taking to the piano as soloist himself. His light music had emerged with perfect timing to see people through the war, feeding the increasing desire for escapism, dancing and feel-good tunes.

By 1929, Ketèlbey was announced as “Britain’s greatest living composer” by the Performing Rights Gazette, and performances of his works outnumbered all others. Broadcasts in 1933 alone numbered 1,580.

Alongside the huge popularity and glittering success of Ketèlbey’s light music, the other sides to this enigmatic composer are perhaps best illustrated through his piano music. A flood at his home destroyed many of his manuscripts, including a piano concerto. We know some of his famous light melodies were originally the second subjects lifted from his more serious works. Ketèlbey himself said he “murdered his innocents” in this way. In his own experience, the more serious the work the less chance it had of earning the cost of production.

In Ketèlbey’s piano music both sides remain prominent. Teaching pieces, collections, light intermezzos,  characteristic works, film music, salon pieces and dazzling waltzes under his own name sit alongside a long array of works written under various pseudonyms: Raoul Clifford, Geoffrey Kaye, A. William Aston, André de Basque, Denis Cherlton and Anton Vodorinski!

Albert Ketelby

Albert Ketèlby later in life

Of these, Vodorinski was the most important. He generally wrote as the name suggests, in a highly pianistic grandiose style, with studies, suites, legends and significant programmatic works all bearing the weight of the great piano tradition. There is even his own C# Minor Prelude, which, similar to Rachmaninov’s title of the same name, also became a sparkling success.

Over and above all, however, it was Ketèlbey’s innate ability to paint a musical scene which emerges as dominant and successful across his writing. Whether it is as light music in Bells Across the Meadows or a River Reverie, through the tone pictures of Three Fanciful Etchings or a Vodorinski Vignette, or in creating vivid scenes for the movies with A Woodland Story, this ability to paint pictures remains constant: and so perhaps, fittingly, it is for this that he has become the most remembered.

Emerging today from a world pandemic which has rocked the world in a similar way to the first world war, Ketèlbey’s music can act as the perfect antidote to help us all move forward, plan ahead and begin to smile again.


Rosemary Tuck is a Sydney-born, UK-based concert pianist. Her new album Albert Ketèlby: A Dream Picture is now available on Naxos